Table 5

Univariate and multivariate analyses of the association of atopy with gender, age, intestinal helminthic infections, and diarrhoea in the subpopulation tested for serum anti-allergen IgE antibodies

Variables

Atopy*


N = 283

Yes (135)

No (148)

OR

##Adjusted OR

n (%)

n (%)

n (%)

[95% CI]

[95%CI]


Gender

Female

129 (45.6)

57 (44.2)

72 (55.8)

1#

1

Male

154 (54.4)

78 (50.6)

76 (49.4)

1.30 [0.81;2.07]

1.30 [0.76;2.24]

Age (months)

19 a 48

137 (48.4)

76 (55.5)

61 (44.5)

1

1

0 a 18

146 (51.6)

59 (40.4)

87 (59.6)

0.54 [0.34;0.87]

0.64 [0.36;1.15]

Maternal literacy

Illiterate/primary

60 (21.2)

32 (53.3)

28 (46.7)

1

1

Secondary incomplete

129 (45.6)

57 (44.2)

72 (55.8)

0.69 [0.37;1.28]

0.84 [0.41;1. 70]

Secondary complete

or more

94 (33.2)

46 (48.9)

48 (51.1)

0.84 [0.44;1.60]

1.16 [0.55;2.45]

Sewer system

Yes

141 (49.8)

62 (44.0)

79(56.0)

1

1

No

142 (50.2)

73 (51.4)

69 (48.6)

1.35 [0.84;2.15]

1.40 [0.82;2.37]

Trichuris eggs

No

247 (87.3)

112 (45.3)

135 (54.7)

1

1

Yes

36 (12.7)

23 (63.9)

13 (36.1)

2.13 [1.03;4.40]

1.52 [0.66;3.50]

Ascaris eggs

No

230 (81.3)

108 (47.0)

122 (53.0)

1

1

Yes

53 (18.7)

27 (50.9)

26 (49.1)

1.17 [0.65;2.13]

0.64 [0.30;1.39]

Anti-Ascaris IgE

<0.35 KU/L

184 (65,0)

59 (32,1)

125 (67,9)

1

1

≥0.35 KU/L

99 (35,0)

76 (76,8)

23 (23,2)

7.00 [4.00;12.25]

7.29 [3.90;13.64]

Wheezing in the

past 12 months

No

181 (64.0)

80 (44.2)

101 (55.8)

1

1

Yes

102 (36.0)

55 (53.9)

47 (46.1)

1.48 [0.91;2.41]

1.02 [0.57;1.80]

Days with diarrhoea

None

50 (17.7)

27 (54.0)

23 (46.0)

1

1

<6 days of duration

121 (42.8)

59 (48.8)

62 (51.2)

0.81 [0.42;1.57]

0.84 [0.40;1.80]

≥6 days of duration

112 (39.6)

49 (43.8)

63 (56.2)

0.66 [0.34; 1.29]

0.99 [0.44;2.24]


*Defined as the presence of serum IgE antibodies against at least one of the following allergens: D. pteronyssinus, B. tropicalis, mlk, ovalbumin, and peanuts.

**Adjusted for gender, age, T. trichiura eggs, A. lumbricoides eggs and days with diarrhoea.

#Class reference of the variable.

Bold numbers are statistically significant at 0.05.

Alcântara-Neves et al. Respiratory Research 2010 11:114   doi:10.1186/1465-9921-11-114

Open Data